Movie involves a number of discrete stages including an initial story, idea, or commission, through screenwriting, casting, shooting, sound recording and reproduction, editing, and screening the finished product it involves a large number of people, and can take from a few months to several years to complete.
Stages of Production :
Development: The first stage in which the ideas for the film are created, rights to books/plays are bought etc., and the screenplay is written. Financing for the project has to be sought and obtained.
Pre-production: Arrangements and preparations are made for the shoot, such as hiring cast and film crew, selecting locations and constructing sets.
Production: The raw footage and other elements for the film are recorded during the film shoot.
Post-production: The images, sound, and visual effects of the recorded film are edited and combined into a finished product.
Distribution: The completed film is distributed, marketed, and screened in cinemas and/or released to home video.
In this stage, the project producer selects a story, which may come from a book, play, another film, true story, video game, comic book, graphic novel, or an original idea, etc. After identifying a theme or underlying message, the producer works with writers to prepare a synopsis.
Next, a screenwriter writes a screenplay over a period of several months. The screenwriter may rewrite it several times to improve dramatization, clarity, structure, characters, dialogue, and overall style.
In pre-production, every step of actually creating the film is carefully designed and planned. A production budget is drawn up to plan expenditures for the film. For major productions, insurance is procured to protect against accidents. These are typical crew positions:
Storyboard artist: creates visual images to help the director and production designer communicate their ideas to the production team.
Director: is primarily responsible for the storytelling, creative decisions and acting of the film.
Assistant director (AD): manages the shooting schedule and logistics of the production, among other tasks. There are several types of AD, each with different responsibilities.
Film producer: hires the film’s crew.
Unit production manager: manages the production budget and production schedule. They also report, on behalf of the production office, to the studio executives or financiers of the film.
Location manager: finds and manages film locations. Nearly all pictures feature segments that are shot in the controllable environment of a studio sound stage, while outdoor sequences call for filming on location.
Production designer: the one who creates the visual conception of the film, working with the art director, who manages the art department, which makes production sets.
Costume designer: creates the clothing for the characters in the film working closely with the actors, as well as other departments.
Makeup and hair designer: works closely with the costume designer in order to create a certain look for a character.
Casting director: finds actors to fill the parts in the script. This normally requires that actors audition.
Choreographer: creates and coordinates the movement and dance – typically for musicals. Some films also credit a fight choreographer.
Director of photography (DP): the head of the photography of the entire film, supervises all cinematographersand Camera Operators.
Production sound mixer: the head of the sound department during the production stage of filmmaking. They record and mix the audio on set – dialogue, presence and sound effects in mono and ambience in stereo.They work with the boom operator, Director, DA, DP, and First AD.
Sound designer: creates the aural conception of the film, working with the supervising sound editor. On Bollywood-style Indian productions the sound designer plays the role of a director of audiography.
Composer: creates new music for the film. (usually not until post-production)
In production, the video production/film is created and shot. More crew will be recruited at this stage, A typical day’s shooting begins with the crew arriving on the set/location by their call time. Actors usually have their own separate call times. Since set construction, dressing and lighting can take many hours or even days, they are often set up in advance. The clapper, who is already in front of the camera with the clapperboard, calls “marker!” and slaps it shut. If the take involves extras or background action, the AD will cue them (“action background!”), and last is the director, telling the actors “action!”. A take is over when the director calls “cut!”, and camera and sound stop recording.
Here the video/film is assembled by the video/film editor. The shot film material is edited. The production sound (dialogue) is also edited; music tracks and songs are composed and recorded
This is the final stage, where the film is released to cinemas or, occasionally, directly to consumer media (DVD, VCD, VHS, Blu-ray) or direct download from a digital media provider. Film distributors usually release a film with a launch party, a red-carpet premiere, press releases, interviews with the press, press preview screenings, and film festival screenings. Most films are also promoted with their own special website separate from those of the production company or distributor.
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